Replacement of hip , knee, shoulder and elbow joints using state of the art technology ( computer navigation, high flex designs, gender knee). The worn out damaged cartilage of the joint is replaced with a metal surface and the alignment , biomechanics of the joint is restored to normal.
Joint replacement surgery is a subspeciality of orthopaedics in which the damaged joint cartilage is replaced with a metal surface .
A joint is formed where two bones of your body come together to provide movement. Painless movement at a joint is ensured by the presence of smooth thick soft tissue coating at the ends of the bones called cartilage. Damage to this cartilage leads to pain on movements of the joint.
Arthritis is acondition causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints. There are many causes of arthritis. Simply many years of use may also cause arthritis known as degenerative arthritis. Other common causes of arthritis or damage to our joints are rheumatoid arthritis, fractures of bones forming the joint surface, untreated ligament injuries of joints, loss of blood supply to joint surface etc.
For improving your quality of life, a doctor may suggest a joint replacement surgery. This surgery helps in relieving joint pain. Usually, hips and knees are replaced. Other joints like fingers, elbows, ankles, and shoulders can also be replaced.
A new joint which is known as a prosthesis can be made of metal, plastic or ceramic implants. It may be cemented or not cemented into its place on the bone. New joints usually last on an average ten to fifteen years. Thus, the younger patients going for this surgery may need to replace the same replaced joints more than once which is known as revisison joint replacement.
Joint replacement surgery is one of the most successful orthopaedic surgeries.Successful outcome after a joint replacement depends equally on proper selection of patients ,good surgical technique and good post operative rehabilitation exercise. Hence patients opting for the surgery should be mentally prepared to actively participate in the post operative rehab protocol given by your surgeon. Advances in pain management technology now offers the patients a very comfortable minimally painful postoperative recovery.
Dr. Jayant Kumar is a renowned orthopaedic surgeon based in JAMSHEDPUR, Jharkhand. He has an experience of 10 years in orthpedic surgery in india and abroad. His special interest is in the fields of Joint Replacement, Arthroscopy and Sports Injury and Management of Complex Trauma. He is attched to hopitals like Indian Spinal Injuries Center New Delhi, PSRI Hospital New Delhi, Aryan Hospital Gurgoan.